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Death Valley between California & Nevada becomes symbolic for water-struggle in USA

a serious health and safety issue found in probe of tap water in Hard Rock Hotel Las Vegas

For decades, Californians suffer from water shortages and, owed to climatic changes in cycles or weather phenomens such as El Nino, recently even more dramatic wildfires due to draught.

In desperate attempts to solve the water crisis the state government repeatedly engaged in energy intensive reverse osmosis desalination projects which require operating costs of up to 1.60 $ per cubic meter of water and on top of that lead to brine being discharged by at least 30% into the Pacific causing a death zone by binding oxygen.

The state of California government calculates that ocean desalination costs between $2,000 and $2,500 an acre-foot. Brackish desalination can range from $1,000 to $2,000. An acre-foot is 325,851 gallons (= 1,233,480 Liter), or roughly the amount of water a family of five uses in a year. Not only is this an expensive ecological disaster but also the quality is very poor.

In California tap water is heavily contaminated by erosive elements reflected in a high total dissolved salts (TDS) of up to 320 ppm (in Las Vegas, Nevada where water is being supplied to from the Hoover dam dramatic 448ppm, see picture above) and extremely high levels of Chlorine ranging from 5 to 25mg/l and Alkaline of 70 to 130 mg/l which both pose serious health risks such as bladder cancer etc.

Hoover dam in Nevada and Arizona providing Water for Las Vegas and Los Angeles

Tests carried out at source at the Hoover dam showed heavy contamination that make the water unsafe for human consumption at a level of 452 ppm TDS. Arsenics, heavy metals and radioactive substances such as Uranium exceeding 50 bq/l pose a severe health risk to the population.

probe taken at Hoover dam source

Art Aqua’s desalination technology instead does not leave any brine behind and is 100% ecological while no chlorine or other chemicals have to be added to keep water fresh and safe. Also cost wise, Art Aqua can undercut the operating expenses with only 0.40 $ per cubic meter of high quality pure water of pH 7.8 and 1013 Hertz. After filtration by Art Aqua technology tests show this result:

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