Our Russian engineers have finally managed to install the construction for tritium removal from approximately 400 tons of contaminated water per day in Fukushima. The proposal has been submitted by Ralph T. Niemeyer to the Mitsubishi Research Institute that was appointed by the Japanese government to select in the Fukushima-tender the three main companies who will be in charge of clearing the contaminated water in Fukushima Daiichi. Our technology fine tuned by Russian scientists that work under the umbrella of the state agency RosRAO among them head scientist Professor Dr. Ruslan Khamizov who also developed our filtration technology that extracts radioactive substances such as Ceasium 134 by 99.2% will reduce contamination in the Pacific ocean significantly. Russian technology was chosen out of 780 world wide participating competitors of which you find a full list here: (Our proposal is on page 35, position 727 of the Japanese government’s list).
Unexpected side-effects from our research
Recently, a research team led by Professor Dr. Georgy Shafeyev from the Prokhorov General Physics Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences (IOFAN) working under the same roof as our scientists said that it has come close to solving the problem of nuclear waste. These researchers state that certain radioactive elements can be quickly and easily converted into a neutral substance if placed in a special solution and exposed to a laser.
The discovery was made by accident during the laboratory’s experiments to make nanoparticles using a laser. Radioactive substances were literally knocked out of metal when placed in a special aqueous solution. The researchers then decided to experiment with various metals and solutions.
When Shafeyev and his colleagues placed gold in the solution of radioactive thorium 232, they found that the latter ceased to emit radiation with the advent of nanoparticles.
Transmutation occurred. The same result was achieved with uranium 238. Cesium 137, best known from the tragedy in Fukushima, which usually decays in nature over 30 years, turned into neutral barium under these conditions in an hour.
“Neither we, nor nuclear scientists, have been able to give a scientific explanation of these phenomena,” Shafeyev, head of the Laboratory of Macrokinetics of Nonequilibrium Processes at the IOFAN, told RBTH. “Now we can confirm that by placing the solution in such conditions, we change the environment of the nuclei of its atoms – the state of the outer shells of electrons.”
To accelerate the decay, the scientists say that the solution must contain a refractory metal, such as gold, silver or titanium. “The rate of decay of a substance depends on the chemical environment – the outer electrons of its atoms,” Shafeyev explained. “Obviously, we are changing their electron configuration because the nanoparticles are able to locally enhance the laser electromagnetic field.”
Shafeyev’s team had their results be tested by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), a research center located in the suburbs of Moscow. For the experiment, their colleagues brought a sensitive gamma-ray spectrometer based on ultra-pure germanium to a physics laboratory. Using this device enabled scientists to watch the process in real time. The control experiment was held with cesium 137.
The researchers are already looking at specific applications for future development for this discovery. It is unlikely to neutralize radiation on the ground, such as in Chernobyl, since the penetrating power of the laser in the soil is measured in micrometers, but for water there are greater opportunities.
“Of course, it is possible to collect the soil, and then filter it, but in our case it is more convenient to work with solutions,” Shafeyev explained. “In other words, in Fukushima, where tritium and cesium continue to pour out of the pool even today, such a development could solve a lot of problems,” he said.
Today, on 18 April 2016 the patent was registered at the European Patent office in Munich by our patent lawyer and also parallel to this a joint venture is being formed between Russia and Germany. About a third of Germany’s nuclear waste is being transported to Angarsk, Siberia. On German side of the joint venture the company Art Aqua residing in Walldorf, Baden Württemberg, is leading the operations. Art Aqua has already for many years cooperated with a Russian military research institution and worked successfully on the decontamination of radioactive polluted water in Chernobyl as well as in Fukushima where the Japanese government’s tender was won in August 2014. Together with two other companies that had been selceted out of worldwide 779 participants in the tender, ROS (ROA), the Russian state agency for nuclear waste, has been selected amid political controversy as Russia and Japan do not have a peace treaty yet. Here the mediation role of the German company comes into play.
But, also for Germany’s nuclear industry that is confronted with political demands to solve the nuclear waste problem on a permanent basis, the new technology will be useful.